Selected Health Indicators in North Dakota
Diabetes

Year 2000 Goal:
All Races: Reduce diabetes related deaths to no more than 34 per 100,000 people.

U.S. Deaths (All Races) 1992:
38 per 100,000 people

North Dakota Deaths
(All Races) 1990-1994:
32.4 per 100,000 people

Year 2000 Goal:
Native Americans:
Reduce diabetes related deaths to no more than 48 per 100,000 people.

U.S. Deaths (Native Americans) 1992:
57 per 100,000 people

North Dakota Deaths
(Native Americans) 1990-1994:
143 per 100,000 people

Years of potential life lost:
On average, North Dakotans who die from diabetes as an underlying and contributing factor before the age of 65 lose 10 years of potential life. This means that the average age at death is 55 years for a person dying from diabetes before the age of 65.

Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (Type I)

Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (Type II)



TREND - Diabetes Death Rate - All Races
Diabetes as an underlying and contributing cause
Age adjusted death rate per 100,000 North Dakotans



TREND - Male and Female Diabetes Death Rates - All Races
Diabetes as an underlying and contributing cause
Age adjusted death rate per 100,000 North Dakotans



TREND - Diabetes Death Rate - Native Americans
Diabetes as an underlying and contributing cause
Age adjusted death rate per 100,000 North Dakotans



TREND - Male and Female Diabetes Death Rates-Native Americans
Diabetes as an underlying and contributing cause
Age adjusted death rate per 100,000 North Dakotans

Risk Factors for Diabetes:

Overweight (20 percent or more above ideal weight)

Family history of diabetes

Personal history of diabetes during pregnancy

Member of an ethnic group
with high prevalence of diabetes

Complications from diabetes:

Approximately half of all Type II diabetes is preventable with weight control, including diet and exercise.

Although the diabetes-related death rate for all races in North Dakota is below the Year 2000 Goal, the Native American diabetes-related death rate is almost three times the Year 2000 Goal for the Native American population.

Experts recommend screening for diabetes in individuals with certain risk factors.

Major goals of diabetes treatment are to keep blood sugar as close to the normal range as possible and to prevent or delay medical complications. This management requires close attention to diet, exercise, and frequent monitoring of blood glucose.

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Last Updated: Thursday, May 23, 1996, 11:03:36 AM
Allen Johnson - ND Health Dept. DP Coordinator - ajohnson@state.nd.us