Commonly called hardening of the arteries, arteriosclerosis includes a variety of conditions that cause artery walls to thicken and lose elasticity. The arteries carry blood from the heart to all parts of the body.
Blood pressure is a measure of the force used to circulate blood through the body. When the blood pressure is high, the heart has to work harder. The increased pressure can damage vessels to vital organs such as the heart, the brain, and the kidneys. Systolic blood pressure is a measure of the force when the heart contracts; diastolic blood pressure is a measure of the force used to move blood when the heart is at rest between beats. Blood pressure is reported as the "systolic pressure over the diastolic pressure."
High Blood PressureCholesterol
High blood pressure is a longterm increase in blood pressure above its normal range, currently defined by the National High Blood Pressure Education Program as systolic blood pressure at or above 140 mm Hg (millimeters of mercury) or diastolic blood pressure at or above 90 mm Hg. It is also known as hypertension.
High Blood CholesterolHealth Indicators
High blood cholesterol is currently defined as a total blood cholesterol over 240 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter of blood) in adults and over 200 mg/dL in children. The borderline values are 200 to 240 mg/dL for adults and 170 to 200 mg/dL for children.
Health outcomes are used to examine the rate of death or illness (e.g., the number of lung cancer deaths per 100,000 people).
Mortality is a measure of deaths occurring in a given population, location, or other group of interest during an interval of time, usually a year.
These factors are behavioral, genetic, socioeconomic, and environmental factors, that when present, increase the likelihood a person will experience disease or injury (e.g., the percentage of adults who smoke).
Years of Potential Life Lost
The number of years between the age at death and 65 years of age for individuals dying before age 65; that is, the total number of years which are "lost" by persons in the population who die prematurely of a stated cause. Age 65 is generally used as a "full, productive life span" because many people retire by this age.
Go Home | Next | Return to Index